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Economic Update of Pakistan (22 - 23 May 2023)


 The Pakistani economy has recently witnessed significant movements in key economic indicators, presenting a mix of positive and concerning developments. This blog post provides an insightful analysis of these events and their potential implications for the economy.

Rupee Appreciation and Exchange Rate Movements

The inter-bank rate revealed a modest strengthening of the Pakistani rupee against the US dollar, reaching 285.05, representing a gain of Re 0.69. This follows a previous increase of 0.49% recorded on Thursday (25th May 2023). Conversely, the open market exhibited a range of exchange rates, with the US dollar trading between 311-313 Pakistani rupees.

Declining Foreign Exchange Reserves

Pakistan’s total liquid foreign exchange reserves diminished by $206 million, settling at $9.731 billion as of May 19, 2023. This decline highlights a reduction in the country’s holdings of foreign currency, which could potentially impact economic stability and the management of international payments.

Oil Prices

 Oil prices experienced a downward shift during the early trade on Friday due to a combination of factors. Conflicting messages from Russia and Saudi Arabia leading up to the upcoming OPEC policy meeting played a role in driving the decline. Furthermore, the strength of the US dollar added further downward pressure, leading to a decrease of 30 cents in the price of Brent crude, which settled at $75.96 per barrel. These fluctuations highlight the influence of geopolitical dynamics and currency strength on the oil market.

Adjustment of Revenue Target

In line with discussions and agreements with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the revenue target for the current year has been increased by 170 billion Pakistani rupees. This adjustment aims to enhance fiscal discipline and meet financial obligations.

Gold Price Update

As of Friday (26th May 2023), the price of a single tola (11.66 grams) of 24-karat gold in Pakistan stood at Rs. 235,500. This indicates the prevailing market value for this precious metal within the country.

World Bank Financing

The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors has approved $ 213 million in financing to support communities affected by the 2022 floods, with a specific focus on Balochistan Province. This funding aims to improve livelihoods, essential services, and risk protection for the affected population.


Assessing Pakistan’s economy, several key factors come into play. The appreciation of the Pakistani rupee against the US dollar and the recent increase in revenue targets indicate positive developments. However, the decline in foreign exchange reserves and fluctuations in oil prices pose challenges. It is essential for Pakistan to monitor and manage these factors effectively to maintain economic stability. Implementing policies that encourage export growth, attract foreign investment, and strengthen fiscal discipline will be crucial in fostering sustained economic progress. Collaborative efforts with international organizations, such as the IMF and the World Bank, can also provide valuable support in addressing economic challenges and driving sustainable growth.

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